School Wide Activity

Initiative Description: A total of twelve primary schools were randomly assigned to one of three isoenergetic feeding groups (a local plant-based stew (githeri) with meat, githeri plus whole milk or githeri with added oil) or a control group receiving no intervention feeding. Children were fed at school for five consecutive terms over two school years from 1999 to 2001. Children in the feeding group schools were given a mid-morning snack

Study Results: Children in the Meat group showed significantly greater improvements in test scores than those in all the other groups, and the Milk group showed significantly greater improvements in test scores than the Plain Githeri (githeri+oil) and Control groups. The Meat group showed significant improvements in test scores in Arithmetic, English, Kiembu, Kiswahili and Geography. The Milk group showed significant improvements compared with the Control group in test scores in English, Kiswahili, Geography and Science

Reference: Hulett, J., Weiss, R., Bwibo, N., Galal, O., Drorbaugh, N., & Neumann, C. (2014). Animal source foods have a positive impact on the primary school test scores of Kenyan schoolchildren in a cluster-randomised, controlled feeding intervention trial. British Journal of Nutrition, 111(5), 875-886. doi:10.1017/S0007114513003310

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good