School Wide Activity

Initiative Description: Participants were randomized to one of four feeding interventions: Meat, Milk, Energy or Control (no feeding). Feeding continued for seven school terms (21 mo), and cognitive tests were administered before the commencement of feeding and during every other term of feeding.

Study Results: Children receiving supplemental food with meat significantly outperformed all other children on the Raven’s Progressive Matrices. Children supplemented with meat, and children supplemented with energy, outperformed children in the control group on tests of arithmetic ability.

Reference: Shannon E. Whaley, Marian Sigman, Charlotte Neumann, Nimrod Bwibo, Donald Guthrie, Robert E. Weiss, Susan Alber, Suzanne P. Murphy, The Impact of Dietary Intervention on the Cognitive Development of Kenyan School Children, The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 133, Issue 11, November 2003, Pages 3965S–3971S,

Level of Evidence: 4 out of 5 stars Excellent