School Wide Activity

Initiative Description: Children (aged 6-10 y) in Australia and 384 children in Indonesia were randomly allocated to receive a drink with a micronutrient mix (iron, zinc, folate, and vitamins A, B-6, B-12, and C), with docosahexanoic acid (DHA,88 mg/d) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 22 mg/d), or with both or placebo 6 d/wk for 12 mo. Biochemical indicators were determined at baseline and 12 mo. Cognitive performance was measured at baseline, 6 mo, and 12 mo.

Study Results: The micronutrient treatment resulted in significant increases in scores on tests representing verbal learning and memory in Australia

Reference: The NEMO Study Group, Effect of a 12-mo micronutrient intervention on learning and memory in well-nourished and marginally nourished school-aged children: 2 parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in Australia and Indonesia, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 86, Issue 4, October 2007, Pages 1082–1093,

Level of Evidence: 4 out of 5 stars Excellent