Medical – School Wide Activity

Initiative Description: Compared the effectiveness of a national comprehensive teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) intervention to a national abstinence-only TPP intervention. The comprehensive plan teaches that abstinence is most effective for preventing negative consequences of sexual activity but does not focus on abstinence until marriage. Program also provides instruction on various contraceptive methods, such as condoms, birth control pills, and the Depo‐Provera shot, human growth and anatomy, reducing the possible negative effects of peer and media pressure on sexual decisions, and methods for refusing sexual approaches.

Study Results: The comprehensive TPP intervention was only slightly more effective than the abstinence intervention in improving attitudes and behaviors towards sexual abstinence.

Reference: Oman, R. F., Merritt, B. T., Fluhr, J., & Williams, J. M. (2015). Comparing school based teen pregnancy prevention programming: Mixed outcomes in an at-risk state. Journal Of School Health, 85(12), 886-893.

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars Good