Initiative Description: A meta-analytic review of 52 studies of nonresident father involvement and child well-being. Father involvement included fathers engaged in various child-related activities such as putting the child to bed, helping with homework, changing diapers, or attending school functions; father-child closeness, trust, and support; seeing, talking to, or interacting with children, providing financial support, buying clothing, foods, or toys.
Study Results: Nonresident father involvement was most strongly associated with children’s social well-being and also was associated with children’s emotional well-being, academic achievement, and behavioral adjustment. The forms of father involvement most strongly associated with child well-being were involvement in child-related activities, having a positive father–child relationships, and engaging in multiple forms of involvement.
Reference: Adamsons, K., & Johnson, S. K. (2013). An Updated and Expanded Meta-Analysis of Nonresident Fathering and Child Well-Being. Journal of Family Psychology, 27(4), 589–599. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033786
Level of Evidence: Very Good