Literature Review

Initiative Description: A systematic review was conducted to identify factors linked to the underachievement of disadvantaged pupils in school science and maths.

Study Results: Parental involvement in their child’s studies, particularly in terms of academic socialization improves academic achievement and impacts the overall health and cumulative well-being of lower SES pupils. Results suggest major factors linking deprivation to underachievement can be thematically categorized into a lack of positive environment and support, including family involvement.

Reference: Banerjee, P. A. (2016). A systematic review of factors linked to poor academic performance of disadvantaged students in science and maths in schools. Cogent Education, 3(1), 1-17. doi:

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars Good