Literature Review
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Initiative Description: From November to December 2015, various health, social science and education databases were searched for school-based violence and substance use prevention interventions. Searching of webpages and reference lists of relevant studies for further references and consultation with experts in this field followed. Searches were updated using PsycINFO and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. 18 interventions were included in the overall systematic review.

Study Results: Eroding ‘boundaries’ between health and academic education, teachers and students, classrooms and the wider school and schools and families were seen to be the most critical to establishing new frameworks of family, classroom or school organization that are conducive to promoting both academic and social-emotional outcomes

Reference: Tancred, T., Paparini, S., Melendez-Torres, G. J., Thomas, J., Fletcher, A., Campbell, R., & Bonell, C. (2018). A systematic review and synthesis of theories of change of school-based interventions integrating health and academic education as a novel means of preventing violence and substance use among students. Systematic Reviews, 7(190), 1-22. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-018-0862-y

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars Good