Literature Review

Initiative Description: Studies that investigated the effectiveness of a school-based intervention targeting PA behavior (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and/or nutrition behavior (NB).

Study Results: The majority of studies reporting results regarding BMI and BMI z-score found favorable effects. Additionally, almost all studies that measured effects on PA behavior or sedentary behavior showed favorable results.

Reference: Verjans-Janssen, S. R., Kolk, I. V., Kann, D. H., Kremers, S. P., & Gerards, S. M. (2018). Effectiveness of school-based physical activity and nutrition interventions with direct parental involvement on children’s BMI and energy balance-related behaviors – A systematic review. Plos One, 13(9). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0204560

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars  Good