Literature Review

Initiative Description: A total of 4 research projects met the most stringent criteria of this literature review, a randomized controlled trial incorporating components of the CSHP model as predictors and measures of academic achievement as outcomes. An additional 13 research reports met the next most stringent criteria of a quasiexperimental study with longitudinal measurement and controls matched on relevant variables.

Study Results: The programs that incorporated social skills training in a health education component along with parent training, teacher training, and school-wide climate change have demonstrated evidence for improving academic outcomes. The strongest evidence from scientifically rigorous evaluations exists for a positive effect on some academic outcomes from school health programs for asthmatic children that incorporate health education and parental involvement.

Reference: Murray, N. G., Low, B. J., Hollis, C., Cross, A. W., & Davis, S. M. (2007). Coordinated School Health Programs and Academic Achievement: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of School Health, 77(9), 589–600.

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good