Literature Review

Initiative Description: Review of research that addressed childhood overweight and obesity in minority, U.S. elementary schools. All studies reported some benefits in health behaviors and/or anthropometric measures.

Study Results: Effectiveness was greater when program objectives were specific, implemented across the school environments, extended into the community, and were culturally relevant. Emphasis is made on how school nurses can be an advocate for school-based programs and facilitate success.

Reference: Johnson, T., Weed, L. D., & Touger-Decker, R. (2012). School-based interventions for overweight and obesity in minority school children. The Journal of School Nursing, 28(2), 116-123. doi:10.1177/1059840511426147

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good