Literature Review

Initiative Description: A systematic review to determine the relationship between a wide range of physical environmental characteristics and different contexts of active transportation in 6- to 12-year-old children. 65 papers were included. The investigated physical environmental variables were grouped into six categories: walkability, accessibility, walk/cycle facilities, aesthetics, safety, recreation facilities

Study Results: Active transportation was positively associated with walkability. Walking to school was psoitively associated with walkability, density, and accessibility.

Reference: DHaese, S., Vanwolleghem, G., Hinckson, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Delfien, V. D., & Cardon, G. (2015). Cross-continental comparison of the association between the physical environment and active transportation in children: A systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12 Retrieved from

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good