Educational or Curriculum

Initiative Description: The study examined the role of individualism-collectivism (IC) and acculturation in smoking prevention programs for Hispanic preadolescents. Both programs contained knowledge-based facts about smoking. The collectivist condition included an interdependent (group-oriented) perspective of smoking, while the individualist condition had an independent (individual-oriented) perspective.

Study Results: Hispanic youth in the collectivist condition reported greater awareness about the dangers of smoking, revealed more accurate and healthier perceptions, and expressed restraint in engaging in unhealthy behaviors.

Reference: Lopez, S. G., Garza, R. T., & Gonzalez-Blanks, A. G. (2012). Preventing smoking among31 Hispanic preadolescents: Program orientation, participant individualism-collectivism, and acculturation. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 34(2), 323–339.

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good