Educational or Curriculum

Initiative Description: The lessons were taught in collaboration with the life orientation teachers, and moving-to-music lessons were led by students from the Nelson Mandela University (NMU). The control group followed their normal schedule, with physical education following the routine curriculum. The physical activity intervention module included four parts: (i) regular physical activity classes including two physical education lessons per week; (ii) one weekly moving-to-music class; (iii) regular in-class activity breaks incorporated into the main school curriculum; and (iv) school infrastructure adaptation to create a low cost “physical activity friendly” environment (

Study Results: The physical activity intervention had a positive effect on academic performance (p = 0.032)

Reference: Gall, S., Adams, L., Joubert, N., Ludyga, S., Müller, I., Nqweniso, S., . . . Gerber, M. (2018). Effect of a 20-week physical activity intervention on selective attention and academic performance in children living in disadvantaged neighborhoods: A cluster randomized control trial. Plos One,13(11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0206908

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good