Educational or Curriculum

Initiative Description: An academic program, SHARP integrates into existing school curricula as an elective course for grades 4–7. The program is offered as a pull‐out program scheduled during students’ enrichment periods or recess, music, art, or physical education (PE)/gym classes. The program enhances skills in reading, writing, and arithmetic by including spelling words, math problems, reading and writing assignments, demonstrations, and learning activities from biology, psychology, and sociology. Counseling aspects encourage students to share their thoughts and feelings about what it is like for them to live with asthma.

Study Results: All students demonstrated significant improvement in aspects of acceptance; students in SHARP demonstrated significant improvement in openness to sharing and connectedness with teachers over students in the control condition.

Reference: Kintner, E. K., Cook, G. , Marti, C. N., Gomes, M. , Meeder, L. and Van Egeren, L. A. (2015), Effectiveness of a School‐Based Academic Asthma Health Education. J Spec Pediatr Nurs, 20: 49-61. doi:10.1111/jspn.12098

Level of Evidence: 4 out of 5 stars Excellent