Initiative Description: PATHS curriculum for all students- 1st grade 57 lessons, 2nd grade 46 lessons, 3rd grade 48 lessons and school level cues like PATHS posters or painted stop lights on the playground, practices such as new behavior guidelines. For children designated high risk based on early conduct problems: weekly parenting support classes, small group social skills interventions, academic tutoring, and home visiting. .
Study Results: Modest positive effects of sustained program exposure included reduced aggression and increased prosocial behavior (according to both teacher and peer report) and improved academic engagement (according to teacher report). Peer report effects were moderated by gender, with significant effects only for boys. Most intervention effects were moderated by school environment, with effects stronger in less disadvantaged schools, and effects on aggression were larger in students who showed higher baseline levels of aggression.
Reference: Bierman, K. L., Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., Greenberg, M. T., Lochman, J. E., McMahon, R. J., & Pinderhughes, E. (2010). The effects of a multiyear universal social-emotional learning program: the role of student and school characteristics. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(2), 156-168.
Level of Evidence: Very Good