Initiative Description: This study had three primary steps: (a) recruitment of six sites from two states (four implementation sites and two comparator sites); (b) structured professional development in Year 1 (before implementation with students) and training each subsequent year with universal SW-PBIS content specifically tailored for high schools; and (c) delivery of monthly technical assistance by project staff based on the school’s action plan.
Study Results: Results showed statistically significant decreases in student office discipline referrals (ODR). Reductions of ODRs in this study, though not experimentally tied to SW-PBIS, are an important metric because discipline referrals to the office are associated with other unwanted outcomes, such as school dropout and entry to the juvenile justice system
Reference: Flannery, K. b., Fenning, P., Kato, M. M., & McIntosh, K. (2014). Effects of School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports and Fidelity of Implementation on Problem Behavior in High Schools. School Psychology Quarterly, 29(2), 111-124. doi:10.1037/spq0000039
Level of Evidence: Very Good