Initiative Description: Three 20-week interventions with different amounts of cognitive engagement and physical exertion were compared with respect to their effects on children’s EFs and academic achievement: either high physical exertion and high cognitive engagement (combo group), high physical exertion and low cognitive engagement (aerobic group), or low physical exertion and high cognitive engagement (cognition group).
Study Results: Results showed that the combo group profited the most displaying enhanced shifting and mathematic performance. The cognition group profited only in terms of enhanced mathematic performance, whereas the aerobic group remained unaffected.
Reference: Egger, F., Benzing, V., Conzelmann, A., & Schmidt, M. (2019). Boost your brain, while having a break! The effects of long-term cognitively engaging physical activity breaks on children’s executive functions and academic achievement. Plos One,14(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0212482
Level of Evidence: Very Good