Initiative Description: Participants were provided with breakfast (breakfast trial) at 8.30 am or no breakfast (no breakfast trial). No additional help or feedback was provided on any of the test trials. They were given 15 min to consume breakfast or 15 min of resting in the no breakfast trial.
Study Results: Following breakfast consumption, there was evidence for improved cognitive performance across the school morning compared to breakfast omission in some tasks (e.g., Hard Word Recall, Serial 3’s and Serial 7’s).
Reference: Defeyter, M. A., & Russo, R. (2013). The effect of breakfast cereal consumption on adolescents’ cognitive performance and mood. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 789. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00789
Level of Evidence: Good