Initiative Description: Project Healthy Schools (PHS) is a collaboration between the University of Michigan and local community organizations, including public schools. PHS promotes 5 main goals:
eating more fruits and vegetables, choosing less sugary foods and beverages, eating less fast and fatty foods, being active every day, and spending less time in front of a screen. The educational component consists of 10 in-class, hands-on lessons that are taught to sixth-grade students by a PHS health educator & an environmental change component incorporates significant modifications in the school cafeteria.
Study Results: The mean total cholesterol value decreased from 169 +/- 26 to 154 +/- 26 mg/dl (p < 0.0001). The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol value decreased from 86 +/- 25 to 84 +/- 23 mg/dl (p = 0.01), and the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol value decreased from 56 +/- 13 to 50 +/- 13 mg/dl (p < 0.0001). The random glucose value decreased from 96 +/- 13 to 93 +/- 15 mm/dl (p = 0.01).
Reference: Cotts, T. B., Goldberg, C. S., Palma Davis, L. M., DuRussel-Weston, J. E., Aaronson, S. M., Lin, K., & Eagle, K. A. (2008). A school-based health education program can improve cholesterol values for middle school students. Pediatric Cardiology, 29(5), 940-945.
Level of Evidence: Good