Initiative Description:Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adolescent depression delivered in health clinics and counseling centers in high schools. Treatment consisted of three components: a cognitive module focused on identification of automatic thoughts and cognitive restructuring, a behavioral module focused on bolstering coping strategies and behavioral activation, and an interpersonal module focused on social support and problem solving.
Study Results: Reduced depression symptoms; however, adolescents who reported trauma exposure were less likely to respond to treatment.
Reference: Shirk, S. R., Kaplinski, H., & Gudmundsen, G. (2009). School-based cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescent depression: A benchmarking study. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 17(2), 106-117.
Level of Evidence: Good