Educational or Curriculum

Initiative Description: The MHL education program for secondary school students to be delivered by schoolteachers was developed by a collaborating team consisting of psychiatrists, public health nurses and teachers specializing in health care/check‐up. Two 50min sessions were given 1 week apart. Teaching methods included: (i) standard instruction using text and a blackboard; (ii) showing animations; and (iii) group discussion. The goals of Lesson 1 were: (i) to have students learn about signs and symptoms of mental health problems, including illnesses; and (ii) to understand that mental illnesses are not rare. Goal of Lesson 2 was to have the students think about and understand how they can help themselves and their peers.

Study Results: Knowledge and beliefs about mental health/illnesses and their treatment and also the intention to seek help and to support their peers with mental health problems were significantly elevated following the program.

Reference: Ojio, Y., Yonehara, H., Taneichi, S., Yamasaki, S., Ando, S., Togo, F.,…& Sasaki, T. (2015). Effects of school-based mental health literacy education for secondary school students to be delivered by school teachers: A preliminary study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 69, 572-579.

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars  Good