Literature Review
★★★

Initiative Description: A systematic review was conducted to identify and describe school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression and to evaluate their effectiveness in reducing depressive symptoms. Forty-two randomized controlled trials, relating to 28 individual school-based programs, were identified. Study Results: A large proportion of the programs identified were based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and delivered by a mental health professional or graduate student over 8-12 sessions. Indicated programs, which targeted students exhibiting elevated levels of depression, were found to be the most effective, with effect sizes for all programs ranging from 0.21 to 1.40. Teacher program leaders and the employment of attention control conditions were associated with fewer significant effects

Reference: Calear, A. L., & Christensen, H. (2010). Systematic review of school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression. Journal of Adolescence, 33(3), 429–438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.07.004

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good