Literature Review

Initiative Description: Literature Review of existing programs and major issues surrounding preventive interventions for body image and obesity in schools. A total of 21 programs met the inclusion criteria.

Study Results : Health educators need to be careful to ensure that the implementation of programs for the prevention of child obesity does not inadvertently create food concerns, body image issues, weight stigma, prejudice or eating disorders. Similarly, eating disorder prevention programs must take care both not to condone obesity nor to glamorize or normalize dieting or disordered eating.

Reference: O’Dea, J. A. (2005). School-based health education strategies for the improvement of body image and prevention of eating problems: An overview of safe and successful interventions. Health Education, 105(1), 11–33.

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good