Initiative Description: Case study. A functional behavioral assessment was conducted by interviewing the student and their teacher and via direct observations in the classroom. It identified these behaviors were maintained by gaining attention (positive reinforcement) and escaping from certain assignments (negative reinforcement).-task behavior and treatment integrity were measured simultaneously using a 30-sec whole-interval recording system. At the end of each interval, an observer recorded whether the student was on-task for the entire interval and if all intervention components required during the interval had been implemented correctly.
Study Results: On-task behavior occurred throughout more than 91% of the intervals when the intervention was implemented correctly compared to only 9% when it was implemented incorrectly. Disruptive behavior was reduced.
Reference: Wood, B. K., Umbreit, J., Liaupsin, C. J., & Gresham, F. M. (2007). A Treatment Integrity Analysis of Function-Based Intervention. Education and Treatment of Children,30(4), 105-120. doi:10.1353/etc.2007.0035
Level of Evidence: Good