Initiative Description: a school-based curriculum for seventh and eighth graders was specifically designed to affect risk factors across four cognitive domains: beliefs about the consequences of using drugs (outcome expectancies), normative perceptions about the prevalence of use and its acceptability to others, resistance self-efficacy (confidence that one can successfully resist pro-drug pressures), and expectations about future drug use. It also included parent involvement activities, the material on alcohol misuse, and a lesson designed to help smokers quit.
Study Results: Improved knowledge and attitudes regarding substance use & risk factors.
Reference: Ghosh-Dastidar, B., Longshore, D. L., Ellickson, P. L., & McCaffrey, D. F. (2004). Modifying pro-drug risk factors in adolescents: Results from Project ALERT. Health Education & Behavior, 31(3), 318–334. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198104263333
Level of Evidence: Very Good