Initiative Description: PY/PM is a classroom-based cumulative program, ideally delivered to elementary students annually from the first through fifth grade, with each year’s lessons building on the previous year’s lessons. The theory is that children who understand the role of their brains and the effect of alcohol on the developing brain, have good decision-making skills, and are able to distinguish the effects of alcohol portrayed by the media from reality will sustain negative attitudes and intentions not to use alcohol into middle school.
Study Results: PY/PM students increased their knowledge of vehicle safety, media awareness, growth and development, and dangers of alcohol to young persons.
Reference: Bell, M. L., Padget, A., Kelley-Baker, T., & Rider, R. (2007). Can first and second grade students benefit from an alcohol use prevention program? Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 16(3), 89–107. https://doi.org/10.1300/J029v16n03_05
Level of Evidence: Good