Literature Review

Initiative Description: The National Library of Medicine PubMed system, the Ovid Nursing Database, and Medical Intelligence Solutions’ Knowledge Discovery Platform (New York, NY) were searched for studies published in medical journals and presented as abstracts or posters at scientific meetings, respectively, using the terms influenza, vaccination (or immunization), and school. All publications through April 30, 2010, were included in the search.

Study Results: Six studies compared absenteeism for students in SLIV schools and control schools; all found absenteeism decreased in SLIV schools. Three studies compared absenteeism for vaccinated and unvaccinated students in SLIV schools; all found that absenteeism was reduced for vaccinated students.

Reference: Hull, H. F., & Ambrose, C. S. (2011). Integrative Review: The Impact of School-Located Influenza Vaccination Programs on Student Absenteeism: A Review of the U.S. Literature. Journal Of School Nursing, 27(1), 34-42. doi:10.1177/1059840510389182

Level of Evidence: 1 out of 5 stars Fair