Initiative Description: At the beginning of each session, teachers handed out recording forms to all students and announced the password of the day. Passwords were selected so as to not obviously stand out if said multiple times during instruction, but not be so commonplace that it would be difficult to control the frequency with which it was said. Teachers also announced the reward available for students if they were able to correctly identify the number of times the password was said during the intervention period. Teachers secretly determined how many times they intended to use the password during the intervention period and adjusted the MotivAider accordingly, and were asked to integrate the password into their lessons seamlessly. Students were instructed to place an X on their recording form when they heard the teacher say the password. At the end of the intervention sessions, up to 5 students were randomly selected to receive a share of the reward from all the students who submitted correct record forms. If 5 or fewer students submitted the correct record forms, they were all selected to receive a share of the reward. Reward-eligible students then evenly split the available pool if reinforcement between them. If only one correct record form was submitted, that student received the entire reward pool.
Study Results: The intervention was effective across all 3 classrooms in increasing students’ academic engagement and on-task behavior, and decreased disruptive behavior.
Reference: Dart, E. H., Radley, K. C., Battaglia, A. A., Dadakhodjaeva, K., Bates, K. E., & Wright, S. J. (2016). The Classroom Password: A Class-Wide Intervention To Increase Academic Engagement. Psychology in the Schools,53(4), 416-431. doi:10.1002/pits.21911
Level of Evidence: Good