“Positive behaviour, interactions and learning environment in school” (PALS)
Initiative Description: Positive behavior, interactions and learning environment in school (PALS), the Norwegian version of the School-Wide Positive Behaviour Support model (SWPBS) consisting of clear communication of expectations, positive reinforcement for good behavior, and scaffolded, clearly communicated consequences results in immediate reductions in teacher-observed problem behavior.
Study Results: The immediate reductions in teacher‐observed problem behavior ranged from moderate to large.
Reference: Sørlie, M.-A., & Ogden, T. (2007). Immediate impacts of PALS: A school-wide multi-level programme targeting behavior problems in elementary school. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 51(5), 471-492. doi:10.1080/00313830701576581
Level of Evidence: Very Good