Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum
Initiative Description: Implementation of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum for all students- 1st grade 57 lesson, 2nd grade 46 lessons, 3rd grade 48 lessons and school level cues like PATHS posters or painted stop lights on the playground with parental engagement through program communication and homework assignments for students resulted in modest positive effects of sustained program exposure included reduced aggression and increased prosocial behavior (according to both teacher and peer report) and improved academic engagement (according to teacher report). Peer report effects were moderated by gender, with significant effects only for boys. Most intervention effects were moderated by the school environment, with effects stronger in less disadvantaged schools, and effects on aggression were larger in students who showed higher baseline levels of aggression.
Study Results: Reduced disruptive behavior.
Reference: Bierman, K. L., Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., Greenberg, M. T., Lochman, J. E., McMahon, R. J., & Pinderhughes, E. (2010). The effects of a multiyear universal social-emotional learning program: the role of student and school characteristics. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(2), 156-168.
Level of Evidence: Very Good