Educational or Curriculum

The Resourceful Adolescent Program (RAP) + a Peer Interpersonal Relatedness (PIR) program.

Initiative Description: The Resourceful Adolescent Program (RAP) is a universal, school-based intervention followed by a Peer Interpersonal Relatedness (PIR) program. RAP incorporates cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy principles and teaches adolescents how to recognize and affirm their strengths, stress-management skills, cognitive restructuring of negative thinking styles, conflict resolution with parents, and problem-solving skills. RAP was administered during class time in 11 weekly 40–50 min sessions. PIR is a manualized group program that teaches adolescents basic social skills and complex performance skills, including social perception, conversation, friendship building and maintenance, self-care, assertiveness, interpersonal problem solving, conflict resolution with peers, and techniques to manage bullying. PIR was administered during class time in nine weekly 40–50 min sessions.

Study Results: RAP followed by PIR did significantly reduce depressive symptoms relative to those students not receiving PIR + significant increases in their school-related life satisfaction and significant increases in social functioning.

Reference: Rose, K., Hawes, D. J., & Hunt, C. J. (2014). Randomized controlled trial of a friendship skills intervention on adolescent depressive symptoms. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(3), 510–520.

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good