Medical
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Initiative Description: This study sought to understand the relationship between school-based health centers (SBHCs) and academic outcomes such as early dismissal and loss of seat time. To be a part of the study, students had to enter the health center in 1 of the 2 schools for a health-related problem.

For each student dismissed prior to the end of the school day, loss of seat time was calculated (regardless of SBHC enrollment status) as the elapsed time from when the student entered the health center until the official end of the school day

Study Results: SBHCs significantly reduced the number of early dismissals from school (p = .013) in a comparison with students who received school nursing services alone.

SBHCs improve attendance by keeping students in school who otherwise would have been sent home or to a community health care provider. Using data on early dismissal as an indicator of attendance pro-vide more specific information regarding the impact of health services than does the use of attendance data alone.

Reference: Van Cura, M.. (2010). The Relationship Between School-Based Health Centers, Rates of Early Dismissal From School, and Loss of Seat Time. Journal Of School Health, 80(8), 371-377. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00516.x

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars Good