Literature Review

Initiative Description: Meta analysis. Reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use. 51 papers reporting on 31 interventions were included.

Study Results: Intervention participants reported statistically significant greater condom use in both randomized controlled trials and non-randomized trials for short (less than 6 months) follow-up periods ). For intermediate (6-10 months) and long-term (more than 10 months) follow-up periods, the effect was statistically significant.

Reference: Sani, A. S., Abraham, C., Denford, S., & Ball, S. (2016). School-based sexual health education interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC public health, 16(1), 1069

Level of Evidence: 3 out of 5 stars Very Good