Educational or Curriculum

Initiative Description: A life-skills and HIV/AIDS school-based prevention program. Trained teachers administered the program promoting precursors of safer sex behavior to 2064 Mexican high-school students at an age before most were sexually active. Variables in the study included: knowledge about HIV/AIDS prevention, attitudes towards the use of condoms, subjective norms, intentions to use condoms and life skills as decision-making skills, partner communication, and individual responsibility, which have been reported as precursors of protective sexual behavior.

Study Results: Increased positive attitudes toward abstaining from sexual intercourse, increased self-efficacy to abstain from sexual activity, and increased self-efficacy to use condoms.

Reference: Givaudan, M., Leenen, I., Van De Vijver, F. J. R., Poortinga, Y. H., & Pick, S. (2008). Longitudinal study of a school based HIV/AIDS early prevention program for Mexican adolescents. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 13(1), 98–110.

Level of Evidence: 2 out of 5 stars Good